Working with a roster of more than fifty academic affiliates and research centers from around the globe, ICLE develops and disseminates academic output to build the intellectual foundation for rigorous, economically-grounded policy.

Innovation Competition, Unilateral Effects and Merger Control Policy

This paper looks at whether the standard unilateral effects model can be applied to non-price competition parameters such as innovation. This question arises because competition authorities are intervening in horizontal mergers that are found to give rise to a “significant impediment to effective innovation competition” (“SIEIC”) as a result of a reduction in post-merger R&D efforts (including lower expenditure).

For LabMD, the Devil is in the Not-So-Well Specified Details

The Eleventh Circuit’s LabMD opinion came out last week and has been something of a rorschach test for those of us who study consumer protection law. Neil Chilson found the result to be a disturbing sign of slippage in Congress’s command that the FTC refrain from basing enforcement on “public policy.” Berin Szóka, on the other hand, saw the ruling as a long-awaited rebuke against the FTC’s expansive notion of its “unfairness” authority.