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Geoffrey A. Manne headshot

President and Founder

Geoffrey A. Manne is president and founder of the International Center for Law and Economics (ICLE), a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center based in Portland, Oregon. He is also a distinguished fellow at Northwestern University’s Center on Law, Business, and Economics. Previously he taught at Lewis & Clark Law School. Prior to teaching, Manne practiced antitrust law at Latham & Watkins, clerked for Hon. Morris S. Arnold on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals, and worked as a research assistant for Judge Richard Posner. He was also once (very briefly) employed by the FTC. Manne holds AB & JD degrees from the University of Chicago.

Samuel Bowman headshot

Founding Editor at Works in Progress

Sam Bowman is a founding editor of Works in Progress. Previously, he was director of competition policy at the ICLE, principal at Fingleton, and executive director of the Adam Smith Institute.


Antitrust Consumer Protection DMA EU Intermediary Liability Mergers & Merger Enforcement Monopolization


Lessons for the United States from the EU’s Approach to Antitrust


Some U.S. antitrust advocates, including members of Congress, recently have advocated the United States adopt a more European approach to antitrust policy. This comes as the European Commission itself is proposing a Digital Markets Act (DMA) that would impose new regulations on Big Tech platforms and ban many forms of conduct outright.


Europe’s economies are less innovative, less dynamic, and ultimately, significantly poorer than the United States. Europe’s technology markets, in particular, are relatively stagnant. Regulating them directly is likely to make Europe’s problems with innovation worse, and would serve as a poor model for the United States to follow.

Read the full explainer here.