Antitrust & Democracy


In recent years, a set of politicians, academics, regulators, and activists have called for more stringent antitrust scrutiny of companies perceived to be threats to democracy simply by virtue of their size. Today, the brunt of these criticisms target so-called “big tech” companies (see herehere, and here).


There is little evidence to support the contention that more concentrated markets lead to less democratic outcomes. Furthermore, the fears of private economic power expressed by advocates for more forceful antitrust tend to elide the genuine threat of state coercion. This is at odds with key principles of liberal democracy, such as the rule of law and freedom from arbitrary state interference.

Read the full explainer here.