Measuring the Openness of AI Foundation Models: Competition and Policy Implications


This paper presents the first comprehensive evaluation of AI foundation model licenses as drivers of innovation commons. It introduces a novel methodology for assessing the openness of AI foundation models and applies this approach across prominent models such as OpenAI’s GPT-4, Meta’s Llama 3, Google’s Gemini, Mistral’s 8x7B, and MidJourney’s V6. The results yield practical policy recommendations and focal points for competition agencies.

Read at SSRN.