Download PDF
Kristian Stout headshot

Director of Innovation Policy

Kristian Stout, ICLE's Director of Innovation Policy is an expert in intellectual property, antitrust, telecommunications, and Internet governance. Kristian has been a Fellow at the Internet Law & Policy Foundry, as well as the Eagleton Institute of Politics. Before practicing law, Kristian worked as a technology entrepreneur and a lecturer in the Computer Science Department at Rutgers University.

Geoffrey A. Manne headshot

President and Founder

Geoffrey A. Manne is president and founder of the International Center for Law and Economics (ICLE), a nonprofit, nonpartisan research center based in Portland, Oregon. He is also a distinguished fellow at Northwestern University’s Center on Law, Business, and Economics. Previously he taught at Lewis & Clark Law School. Prior to teaching, Manne practiced antitrust law at Latham & Watkins, clerked for Hon. Morris S. Arnold on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals, and worked as a research assistant for Judge Richard Posner. He was also once (very briefly) employed by the FTC. Manne holds AB & JD degrees from the University of Chicago.


Innovation Intermediary Liability Platforms


A Path Forward for Section 230 Reform


The liability protections granted to intermediaries under Section 230(c)(1) of the Communications Decency Act of 1996 can and should be conditioned on platforms taking reasonable steps to curb harmful conduct. Online platforms should operate under a duty of care obligating them to adopt reasonable content-moderation practices regarding illegal or tortious third-party content.


Platforms should not bear excessive costs for conduct that does not and should not give rise to liability, while they should internalize the costs of responding to actual harms and meritorious litigation. This will require reforms to civil procedure, a regulatory agency to oversee creation of a duty of care, and implementation of a “safe harbor” or presumption of reasonableness.

Read the full explainer here.