Dec 6 2010
This is a past event

Free to Choose? A Symposium on Behavioral Law and Economics

Dec 6, 2010   12:00am ET

Free to Choose?

A Symposium on Behavioral Law and Economics

December 6-7, 2010

Thirty years ago, Milton Friedman launched the PBS television series “Free to Choose” and published a book by the same title.  Consistent with Friedman’s central ideas, both the television series and book advocated reliance on the individualized, dispersed power of markets rather than the consolidated power government to protect consumer and workers and fuel innovation and economic growth.  Thirty years later, the power of Friedman’s ideas and the ongoing development of markets around the world might have been expected to lead to the spread of this philosophy.  Indeed, the final chapter of Free to Choose was entitled “Turning the Tide,” and discussed Friedman’s view (along with his co-author and wife, Rose) that public opinion was “shifting away from a belief in collectivism and toward a belief in individualism and private markets.”  Central to Friedman’s work was the view that the economic costs of substituting the judgment of government bureaucrats and regulators for those of individuals, even when the individuals could be expected to err, would far outstrip any benefits of such an approach.

Over the last thirty years, behavioral economics has made a significant contribution to increasing our understanding of when individual decision-making deviates from the rationality assumption at the heart of the conventional microeconomic theory.  This literature consists of a number of studies in economics and psychology that find that consumers appear to make various systematic mistakes evaluating probabilities and discounting future values, and, further, that consumers make various choices that appear inconsistent with each other. In addition to the behavioral economics literature, a “behavioral law and economics” school has emerged which typically believes that these studies provide a basis for government interventions in the market to prevent consumers from harming themselves.  Some members advocate “soft paternalism” that “nudges” consumers towards what certain scholars deem to be better choices.  Other behavioral law and economics scholars advocate “hard paternalism” that renders disfavored choices impractical or illegal, even between willing and informed consumers and providers.  “Hard paternalism” interventions include recently proposed “sin” or “vice” taxes aimed at reducing the consumption of junk food, soda, and cigarettes.

Behavioral legal perspectives appear to be gaining traction in the current regulatory landscape, evinced by increasing drive to influence or outright constrain individual choice.  Is this in fact the case?  If so, what are the main causes?  What are the costs and benefits of specific regulatory proposals informed by behavioral law and economics compared to other institutional alternatives?  What will be the consequences of the shift toward behavioral regulation?   Is the “behavioral” regulatory movement leading to a competitive disadvantage for the U.S. in the world economy, or is the U.S. leading the way toward a more civilized and sophisticated brand of capitalism?  Are concerns that “soft paternalism” and “nudges” will slope toward harder forms of paternalism reasonable?  If so, how should they inform behavioralist proposals?   Has the implementation of regulatory proposals by the behavioral law and economics camp in practice remained faithful to the insights produced by the behavioral economics literature in theory, laboratory experiments and the field?  Or have proposed “nudges” merely take the form of default rules which map onto the policy preferences of the academic advocate?

The Truth on the Market blog symposium is designed to begin a intellectual dialogue on these and related topics, bringing together legal scholars and economists with a variety of perspectives on these issues in terms of both methodology and subject-matter expertise. We are hopeful that the discussion is a starting point in identifying areas of agreement, causes for concern, and open questions for future research agendas.

December 6th

Josh Wright, Introduction

David Friedman, Behavioral Economics: Intriguing Research Project, With Reservations

Larry Ribstein, Free to Lose

David Levine, Behavioral Economics: The Good, The Bad, and the Middle Ground

Henry G. Manne, Behavioral Overreach

Geoffrey A. Manne, Interesting Doesn’t Necessarily Mean Policy Relevant

Thom Lambert, Behavioral Economics and the Conflicting Quirks Problem: A “Realist” Critique

Christopher Sprigman & Christopher Buccafusco, Valuing Intellectual Property

Judd E. Stone, Misbehavioral Economics: The Misguided Imposition of Behavioral Economics on Antitrust

Ronald Mann, Nudging From Debt

Richard Epstein, The Dangerous Allure of Behavioral Economics: The Relationship Between Physical and Financial Products

December 7th

Claire Hill, The Promise of Behavioral Law and Economics

Kevin McCabe, Behavioral Economics and the Law

Tom Brown, Camel Spotting: Is Behavioral Economics Really Beyond Redemption?

Christopher Sprigman & Christopher Buffafusco, Behavioral Economics and the Road from Law to Lab

Stephen Bainbridge, Mandatory Disclosure: A Behavioral Analysis

Erin O’Hara, The Free Market Side of Behavioral Law and Economics

Todd Henderson, Project Behavior: What the Battle is Really About

Judd Stone, Behavioral Economics, Administrative Agencies, and Unintended Consequences

Douglas H. Ginsburg & Joshua Wright, A Taxonomy of Behavioral Law and Economics Skepticism

Douglas H. Ginsburg & Joshua Wright, Behavioral Economics: The Never-Ending Quest for a Third Way