Antitrust & Consumer Protection Archives - International Center for Law & Economics

Antitrust & Consumer Protection


ICLE’s antitrust and consumer protection research agenda emphasizes an empirical, evidence-based approach, informed by a decision theory (“error cost”) mode of analysis. Our scholars evaluate the social costs and benefits of proposed interventions, focusing in particular on how institutions affect the appropriateness and the effectiveness of antitrust enforcement.

What Have the Intermediaries Ever Done for Us?

Intermediaries emerge when it would otherwise be too difficult (or too costly) for groups of users to meet and interact. There is thus no guarantee that government-mandated disintermediation — such as that contemplated in the European DMA and the U.S. AICOA bill — will generate net benefits in a given case.