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ICLE Staff:

Geoffrey A. Manne

Executive Director ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Geoffrey A. Manne is the founder and Executive Director of the International Center for Law and Economics (ICLE), based in Portland, Oregon. In 2015 he was also appointed to the FCC's Consumer Advisory Committee, where he co-chairs the Broadband Working Group. Manne is an expert in the economic analysis of law, drawing on two degrees from the University of Chicago. He specializes in antitrust, telecommunications, consumer protection, intellectual property, and technology policy, and has been described by Professor Herbert Hovenkamp (the "dean of American Antitrust Law") as a “top scholar of competition policy and intellectual property." His publications have appeared in numerous journals including the Journal of Competition Law and Economics, the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, the Supreme Court Economic Review, and the Columbia Business Law Review. With former FTC Commissioner Joshua Wright, Manne is the editor of a volume from Cambridge University Press entitled Competition Policy and Intellectual Property Law Under Uncertainty: Regulating Innovation. Manne has also testiconsfied on several occasions before Congress and at the FCC, and he regularly files written comments or amicus briefs on key antitrust, IP, and telecommunications issues.

Prior to founding ICLE, Manne was a law professor at Lewis & Clark Law School where he taught law & economics, corporations, wills & trusts, and international economic regulation. From 2006-2009, he took a leave from teaching to develop Microsoft’s legal and economics academic outreach program. Manne has also served as a lecturer in law at the University of Chicago Law School and the University of Virginia School of Law. He practiced antitrust law and appellate litigation at Latham & Watkins, clerked for Hon. Morris S. Arnold on the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals, and worked as a research assistant for Judge Richard Posner. He was also once (very briefly) employed by the FTC.

He blogs at Truth on the Market (of which he is also the co-founder), is a contributor at, and tweets at @geoffmanne and @LawEconCenter.



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Kristian Stout

Associate Director for Innovation Policy ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Kristian Stout, Associate Director for Innovation Policy at the International Center for Law and Economics (ICLE), has expertise in technology and innovation policy. As a technology professional and entrepreneur for over ten years, Kristian’s scholarship is influenced by a practical understanding of the challenges facing innovators in the modern economy. He works on policy areas that include intellectual property, antitrust, telecommunications, and Internet governance.

Kristian, a contributor to, and a fellow in the Internet Law & Policy Foundry, has previously been a lecturer in the computer science department of Rutgers University, is frequently invited to speak on law and technology topics, and has been published in law journals and legal treatises. Kristian is an attorney licensed to practice law in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, is counsel at A&S Technologies, a software services firm, and sits on the boards of CodedByKids, a nonprofit organization that provides STEM education to underprivileged children and the New Jersey Leadership Program, a nonprofit devoted to helping South Asian youth gain practical experience in politics and policy.

Kristian graduated magna cum laude from the Rutgers University School of law, served on the editorial board of the Rutgers Journal of Law and Public Policy, and was additionally awarded a Governor’s Executive Fellowship from the Eagleton Institute of Politics.


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Allen Gibby

Senior Fellow of Law and Economics ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Allen Gibby is a Senior Fellow of Law and Economics at the International Center for Law and Economics. Previously, he was a Regulatory and Policy Advisor at Telecommunications Management Group, Inc. where he advised regulators, governments and international organizations on telecommunications regulatory best practices and how laws and rules can be tailored to achieve specific public policy goals. He also has extensive experience counseling commercial clients on emerging market and regulatory trends, including net neutrality, data protection and privacy and the Internet of Things.

Allen received his Bachelor’s degree in economics from Brigham Young University and his Juris Doctor from George Mason University School of Law. He is admitted to practice law in the District of Columbia.

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Julian Morris

Senior Fellow ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Julian Morris is vice president of research at Reason Foundation.  Julian graduated from the University of Edinburgh with a Masters in economics. Graduate studies at University College London, Cambridge University and the University of Westminster resulted in two further masters’ degrees and a Graduate Diploma in Law (equivalent to the academic component of a JD).  Julian is the author of dozens of scholarly articles, focusing his academic research primarily on the relationship between institutions, economic development and environmental protection. He has also edited several books and co-edits, with Indur Goklany, the Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development.

Julian is also a visiting professor in the Department of International Studies at the University of Buckingham (UK). Before joining Reason, he was executive director of International Policy Network, a London-based think tank which he co-founded. Before that, he ran the environment and technology programme at the Institute of Economic Affairs, also in London.

Eric Fruits

Chief Economist( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Eric Fruits, Ph.D. chief economist at the International Center for Law and Economics and an adjunct professor of economics at Portland State University, where he is also editor of the Center for Real Estate Quarterly Report.

He has written peer-reviewed articles on initial public offerings (IPOs), the municipal bond market, real estate markets, and the formation and operation of cartels. His economic analysis has been widely cited and has been published in The Economist, the Wall Street Journal, and a numerous metropolitan newspapers.

Dr. Fruits is an antitrust expert who has written articles on price fixing and cartels for the top-tier Journal of Law and Economics. He has assisted in the review of several mergers including Exxon-Mobil, BP-Arco, Nestle-Ralston, and Sysco-US Foods. He has worked on many antitrust lawsuits, including Weyerhaeuser v. Ross-Simmons, a predatory bidding case that was ultimately decided by the United States Supreme Court.

As an expert in statistics, Dr. Fruits has provided expert testimony regarding real estate transactions, profit projections, agricultural commodities, and war crimes allegations. His expert testimony has been submitted to state courts, federal courts, and an international court.

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Neil Turkewitz

Policy Advisor, Intellectual Property ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it )

Prior to joining ICLE, Neil spent 30 years at the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), most recently as Executive Vice President, International.

Neil has spent most of his career working to expand economic opportunities for the music industry through modernization of copyright legislation and effective enforcement in global markets. He has worked closely with creative communities around the globe, with the US and foreign governments, and with international organizations (including WIPO and the WTO), to promote legal and enforcement reforms to respond to evolving technology, and to promote a balanced approach to digital trade and Internet governance premised upon the importance of regulatory coherence, elimination of inefficient barriers to global communications, and respect for Internet freedom and the rule of law.

Among other things, Neil was instrumental in the negotiation of the WTO TRIPS Agreement, worked closely with the US and foreign governments in the negotiation of free trade agreements, helped to develop the OECD’s Communique on Principles for Internet Policy Making, coordinated a global effort culminating in the production of the WIPO Internet Treaties, served as a formal advisor to the Secretary of Commerce and the USTR as Vice-Chairman of the Industry Trade Advisory Committee on Intellectual Property Rights, and served as a member of the Board of the Chamber of Commerce’s Global Intellectual Property Center.

You can read some of his thoughts on Internet governance, IP, and international trade here and here.